Life in Bali is very communal with the organisation of villages, farming and even the creative arts being decided by the community.
The local government is responsible for schools, clinics, hospitals and roads, but all other aspects of life are placed in the hands of
two traditional committees, whose roots in Balinese culture stretch back centuries. The first, Subak, concerns the production of rice
and organizes the complex irrigation system.
Everyone who owns as sawah, or padi field, must join their local Subak, which then ensures that every member gets his fair
distribution of irrigation water. Traditionally, the head of the Subak has his sawah at the very bottom of the hill,
so that the water has to pass through every other sawah before reaching his own.
The other community organisation is the Banjar, which arranges all village festivals, marriage ceremonies and cremations,
as well as form of community service known as Gotong Royong. Most villages have at least one Banjar and all males have
to join one when they marry. Banjars, on average, have a membership of between 50 to 100 families and each Banjar
has its own meeting place called the Bale Banjar.
As well as being used for regular meetings, the Bale (pavilion) is where the local gamelan orchestras and drama groups practice.